All You Need To Know About The Different Types Of Windows

The world of windows is quite diverse, with numerous options available to shop from. These elements are the eyes of a building as they offer a glimpse into its soul. The different types of windows have varying materials and styles, each possessing a unique characteristic that affects the functionality and aesthetics of a place. If you build a new home or renovate an existing one, shopping for the right window type will be a task you will surely have on your checklist. Choosing the right ones is not just a practical decision as it is an artistic one too. The right decision can transform your ordinary home into an extraordinary one.

Windows are the elements that enhance the overall ambiance of a place by providing natural light, outdoor view and ventilation. They create a harmonious working or living environment. Hence, the role of windows in a building is impeccable. This significant role of windows in a building has led to several innovations, resulting in the creation of varying window styles. These options allow a buyer to purchase the ones that completely suit their needs and preferences. Unlike earlier, today, homeowners do not need to sacrifice or adjust as the diverse window world presents them with numerous choices. However, at times, these choices can get overwhelming and make it difficult to choose the best one for a place. 

If you are stuck in the same dilemma of choosing the right window, this blog is a must-read for you. It will introduce you to some of the major types of windows. Knowing about them will help you make an informed decision. Also, this post will list the pros and cons of each window type to help you know which is the most suitable window type for your place. So, continue reading.

Different types of windows

From single-hung to bay windows, numerous kinds of windows are available today. Each window type has some unique characteristics, making them a perfect match for some specific situations. Some of these significant types are explained below, along with their pros and cons.

Summary table - Types of Windows

S. No. 

Window type

Casement Windows

Awning Windows

Slider Windows

Single- Hung Windows

Double-Hung Windows

Skylight/ Roof Windows

Bay Windows

Fixed Windows

Casement Windows

Windows that are hinged on one side and open horizontally are known as casement windows. These windows can have one or more hinges at the side that remain stationary while the other side swings open. They are available singly as well as in pairs. Casement windows are a modern yet traditional window style. These windows are very useful to catch and direct cooling breezes into a home when positioned appropriately. 


  • Casement windows bring in maximum cooling air from the outside. 

  • These windows have tight seals that keep the drafts out. 

  • When compared to other traditional window types, these windows are considered to offer more security and prevention from intruders. 


  • These windows work on a mechanical cranking mechanism that is subject to frequent wear and tear, increasing the repair costs. 

  • When opened fully, strong winds can result in breaking off these windows easily. 

  • Casement windows cannot be used as egress windows unless their size is very large. 

Awning Windows

Another window name in this list of different kinds of windows is Awning windows. The operation of these windows is the same as that of casement windows, meaning they work on mechanical cranks. However, one difference between the two is that they open from the bottom when cranked. The top edge of these windows is fixed, and the bottom edge is movable that pivots outward and up. These windows are the go-to solution for wet climates, as they can be opened even when it's raining. They are also preferred for low-level window spaces. 


  • These windows can be left open even during light rain as they slide water down and outward while preventing it from entering. 

  • Intruders cannot enter using these windows. 


  • As these windows open from the bottom, they do not allow fresh air as effectively as other windows. 

  • Awning windows work on mechanical cranks that increase maintenance costs as they get damaged easily.

Sliding Windows

One of the top windows for home is the Slider window. These windows have gained immense popularity over the past few years due to their simple mechanism. These windows slide side-by-side horizontally to open and close. They have one or more movable panels that slide along the tracks installed at their top and bottom. Also known as sliding windows, these windows are popularly used in homes and offices. 


  • When compared to other types of windows, sliding windows are the most reasonably priced option as they have low initial and installation costs. Also, their maintenance requirements are minimal, preventing expenditure on their repairs. 

  • These windows do not have any cranks, making them easy to operate and durable. 


  • Sizes and shapes are limited in these windows. 

  • Their tracks get filled with dirt and debris that demand frequent cleaning.

Single Hung Windows

The list of different kinds of windows is incomplete without Single hung windows. These windows have two sashes known as panels. The upper panel remains stationary while the lower one moves up and down. The lower sash covers the upper sash when opened, obstructing the view. Although it is the same as double-hung windows, the only difference is that it has only one movable sash. 


  • Single-hung windows are an economical option. 

  • Several manufacturers offer varying colour and style options in these windows. 

  • These windows enhance energy efficiency. 


  • Single-hung windows are difficult to clean due to their upper fixed panel. 

  • When compared to other windows, these offer less ventilation. 

  • These are not suitable for large window spaces. 

Double Hung Windows

Featuring two sashes sliding up and down, double-hung windows are another famous window style. Like the single-hung windows, these have two sashes- upper and lower. However, the difference between the two windows is that in the double-hung windows, both the sashes open simultaneously. These panels slide up and down along the vertical tracks. Usually, these windows are used in homes with traditional styling. However, they also look good in homes based on modern architectural themes. They are the most common window styles seen in farmhouses and bungalows. 


  • These windows are available in varying styles, colours and sizes. 

  • The prices of Double hung windows are reasonable because of their easy availability. 

  • These are easy to operate due to their weights and springs. 

  • Double-hung windows have vertical tracks, making them easy to clean. 


  • The springs installed in these windows can wear out frequently. 

  • If these windows are installed in large window spaces, they might allow intruders to break in.

Skylight/ Roof Windows

As clear by their name, Skylight or Roof windows are the ones installed on roofs. Although Skylight and Roof windows are often used interchangeably, these are two different types of windows. The Skylight windows are the fixed windows installed on the roofs that do not open or close. On the other hand, Roof windows are the ones that open and close to allow ventilation. Both these windows are installed on the roofs to allow in skylight in attic spaces or upstairs spaces that have limited windows.


  • Attic and second-story spaces can be lighted well with these windows. 

  • Roof windows help exhaust hot air in Summer. 

  • These windows are directly exposed to the Sun heating the spaces in Winter. 


  • The installation of these windows is time-consuming and costly. 

  • These windows have a shorter lifespan in areas with beating sunlight and heavy rainfall. 

Bay Windows

Bay windows are a combination of windows that extend outwards from the wall surface of the house. They get their name due to their shape, which is more or less square. These windows are sometimes known as bow windows if they have a curved shape. Usually, these windows have a picture window in their centre. The side windows in this window combination are usually double-hung. In some Bay window designs, casement windows are used as the side windows. The Bay windows act as a centrepiece of a room due to their attractive appearance. They are usually open to the front yard views. 


  • Bay windows provide a constant view of the outside. 

  • They act as a statement corner, allowing space for decor. 

  • These windows also offer shelf space for indoor plants and other decor items. 


  • These windows have high initial costs and installation costs. 

  • These windows need considerable framing work. 

Fixed Windows

Another name in this list of different types of windows for home is the Fixed windows. These windows have fixed glass panes within a frame. As the name suggests, these windows are fixed and do not open or close. They are usually installed in window spaces that face landscape views. These windows are usually placed in rooms where egress or ventilation is not needed. 


  • Fixed windows have a simple design that allows maximum light and a large view. 

  • These windows are sealed permanently, requiring no maintenance. 

  • Their compact sealing ensures there is no energy loss. 

  • These windows are cheaper than other window styles. 


  • Fixed windows are usually big in size and allow maximum sunlight and heat the place during Summer. 

  • These windows do not offer ventilation as they are fixed and cannot be opened. 

In conclusion

Purchasing windows for homes or offices is not an easy task. It requires a lot of consideration and knowledge to ensure you invest in the right kind. Therefore, use the above guide detailing the different types of windows along with their pros and cons. The right window type will help you make your place more functional and aesthetic. So, choose carefully. 

Frequently asked questions

What are the most common replacement windows installed?

When thinking about replacing the windows, most homeowners choose sliding and casement windows due to their durability and simple operation. 

Which type of window is best for a home?

In the modern world, homeowners usually prefer Sliding windows for their homes. 

Which type of sliding window is best?

Double-pane sliding windows are the most preferred sliding windows due to their large area.

What is the most energy-efficient window frame material?

Aluminium is known to be the most energy-efficient frame material for windows.

How long do windows last?

The lifespan of windows depends on their frame material. For example, aluminium windows last for 30-40 years, while wooden windows get damaged quickly due to moisture and other factors. 

Which type of window material is durable?

Aluminium is the most durable window material as it has high resistance towards corrosion and rust.

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